This page provides links to the best places to find a number of commonly cited sources. If you need assistance finding a source not listed here, please contact us by visiting the Research Help Desk, calling (714) 628-2548, or e-mailing email@example.com.
During the cite-checking process, you will likely encounter citations to articles from non-law journals that you will not be able to find on HeinOnline. To find non-law journals, follow these steps.
Sometimes authors will even cite to old-fashioned books. First, check if either the Law Library or Leatherby has the book available by searching in the catalog. If not, submit an interlibrary loan request.
Interlibrary Loan Etiquette
You may come across federal statutes cited in a number of different ways, representing the ways in which statutes are published. When a statute is enacted, it is assigned a public law number and is published as a slip law. In a citation, this will look like "Pub. L. No. 87-195." In this example, this statute was the 195th law enacted by the 87th Congress. You can find public laws at the following sources:
Next, public laws are compiled and published chronologically in the Statutes at Large. In a citation, this will look like "75 Stat. 424." In this example, this statute can be found on page 424 of the 75th volume of the Statutes at Large. The first number does not correspond with the Congress number. The complete run of the Statutes at Large can be found on HeinOnline.
Finally, statutes are organized by subject matter and codified in the U.S. Code. In a citation, this will look like "42 U.S.C. § 1983 (2006)." This citation refers to section 1983 of Title 42 of the Code, found in the 2006 version of the Code. The official version of the U.S. Code is published every six years. You can find the U.S. Code at the following sources:
Legislative history essentially refers to the documents produced by Congress before a bill became enacted. This includes things like bills, floor debate, committee hearings, etc. Use this cheat sheet to help you find these materials. If (and only if) these options fail, search for the document in the Law Library catalog, as you may be able to view and print it on microform.
Congressional Committee Reports
The agencies of the executive branch produce a vast amount of material, but the sources you are most likely to run across are the Code of Federal regulations (cited as C.F.R.) and the Federal Register (cited as Fed. Reg. or F.R.). You may also come across citations to executive orders. You can find these materials at the following sources.
Code of Federal Regulations
Executive Orders (in Daily/Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents)
Regulatory Histories (collections of regulatory materials associated with statutes)
As with federal statutes in the Statutes at Large, California statutes are compiled chronologically in a publication called Statutes and Amendments to the Codes of California. You can find the Statutes and Amendments from 1850 - 2008 online at the California State Assembly's website.
Like federal statutes in the U.S. Code, California statutes are arranged by subject in the California Codes. California has no "official" printed legislative code. The official versions of the Codes are maintained at the California Legislative Information website.
California bills from 1999 through the present can be found on the California Legislative Information website.
California has contracted with Barclays, a division of Thomson-Reuters, to print the official version of the California Code of Regulations (CCR). The CCR is available in print in the Law Library on the first floor at KFC35 1990 .A22, and an electronic version is available on this website.
Use ProQuest Supreme Court Insight (1979-Current) or Making of Modern Law: U.S. Supreme Court Records & Briefs (1832-1978) to locate Supreme Court materials including briefs (both parties' briefs and amicus briefs), petitions, oral arguments, and slip opinions.
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